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Samar provincial hospitalVIII. SOCIAL SERVICES

 

 

 

 

The newly renovated Samar provincial Hospital.

 

A. Education

A.1 Schools

The Department of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS), Division of Samar has under its direct supervision 688 public elementary schools in 27 school districts and 53 public secondary schools.  For Calbayog City Division, it has under its supervision 157 elementary schools in seven (7) districts and nine (9) secondary schools.

State-administered secondary level training is available from a vocational school the Wright Vocational School; 3 agricultural schools: Samar National Agricultural School (SNAS), West Coast Agricultural School, Basey National Agricultural School (BNAS); 2 Fishery Schools, the Samar Regional Institute of Fishery and Clarencio Calagos Memorial School of Fisheries; and, 2 State Colleges, the Samar State University and Tiburcio Tancinco Memorial Institute of Science and Technology.

A. 2 Enrollment

Samar State University (SSU)
The Samar State University is the only university in the province

As of school year 2000-2001, DECS, Samar Division recorded a total of 87,691 enrollees for public elementary schools, of which 65,780 pupils were primary grades and 21,911 pupils were intermediate grades.  For the public secondary schools it recorded a total of 23,449 enrollees.

On the other hand, cohort survival rate in the elementary level for SY 1998-1999 and SY 2000-2001 were 72.12 percent and 75.03 percent, respectively.  This indicates that there was an increasing number of grade one pupils who actually reached sixth grade.  For the secondary level, the cohort survival rate for SY 2000-2001 was 64.67 percent.  This was 16.63 percent lower than in SY 1999-2000, which indicates that there was a decline in the number of first year students who reached fourth year.

Retention rate of 90.05 percent for the elementary level in SY 2000-2001 was 4.22 percent lower than in SY 1999-2000.  This indicates that there was a decrease in the elementary pupils who are in school.  For the secondary level, the retention rate for SY 1999-2000 and SY 2000-2001 were 83.95 percent and 83.29 percent, respectively.  There was a slight decrease (0.66%) in the number of secondary students who are in school.

  Table 7.   Enrollment by Level the Last Three School Year

Level of Education

SY 1998-1999

SY 1999-2000

SY 2000-2001

  Primary

64,892   

64,983   

65,780   

  Intermediate

20,415   

21,626   

21,911   

  Secondary

20,901   

22,331   

23,449   

There was a slight decrease in the drop-out rate from 1.70 percent for SY 1998-1999 down to 1.50 percent for SY 2000-2001, for the elementary level.  As for the secondary level there was also a decrease from 9.78 percent to 9.58 percent for SY 1998-1999 and SY 2000-2001 respectively.

A.3 Performance Indicator

The participation rate for the elementary level in SY 1999-2000 to SY 2000-2001 was maintained at 98.39 percent.  In the secondary level, participation rate of 97.05 percent was also maintained for SY 1999-2000 to SY 2000-2001.  However, this is 1.62 percent higher compared to SY 1998-1999, which was 95.43 percent.

A.4 Teacher-Pupil Ratio

For SY 2000-2001, the teacher-pupil ratio in the elementary level was 1:31 and in the secondary level for the same school year was 1:33.  The Samar Division still lacks about 400 teachers and 250 teachers for elementary and secondary levels to meet the standard ratio 1:25 for elementary and secondary levels.

A.5 Physical Facilities

The total number of elementary school buildings for SY 2000-2001 was 1,404 with a total of 3,155 rooms.  While in the secondary it has a total of 175 school buildings and 478 classrooms.  The Samar Division still lacks more buildings for the elementary and secondary levels to meet ratio of 1 room per 25 pupils/students.

A.6 Textbook Ratio

For SY 2000-2001, the textbook-pupil ratio was 1:3 (one set of textbooks per three pupils).  For the textbook-student ratio it was 1:4 (one set of textbooks per four students).  This ratio is very much below the standard ratio of 1:1.

 

B. Health and Nutrition

B.1 Health Facilities

Medical-Dental mission in San Jorge, Samar
Medical and Dental missions are regularly held in various municipalities.

The province of Samar has one Provincial Hospital with a 100-bed capacity, 3 districts hospitals, (one with a 75-bed capacity, the other 2 with 25-bed capacity), and a municipal hospital with 10-bed capacity, for a total of 5 government hospitals and a 235-bed total capacity.  The hospital bed ratio is 1:2,514 population.  There are also 30 Rural Health Units located in poblacions with a 1:21,371 population ratio.  There are also 105 barangay health stations manned by a midwife providing services to a cluster barangays whose ratio is 1:6,106 population (see table below).

A nurse and a midwife were assigned to the island town of Almagro to assist the health problems of its inhabitants wherein its community hospital was no longer in operation due to lack of funds and a physician. The provincial and district hospitals are the central referral centers of the clustered Rural Health Units (RHU) and Barangay Health Stations (BHS).

Facility Description / Bed Capacity Total
 Public Hospitals  Samar Provincial Hospital (100 beds)
 Calbayog District Hospital (75 beds)
 Gandara District Hospital (25 beds)
 Basey District Hospital (25 beds)
 Tarangnan Municipal Hospital (10 beds)

235 Hospital Beds

 Private Hospitals  Calbayog Sanitarium Hospital (15 beds)
 St. Camillus Hospital (60 beds)

75 Hospital Beds

 Rural Health Units  Main Health Center in the poblacion

30

 Barangay Health Stations  Health Center in the barangay manned
 by a midwife providing services to cluster
 barangays.

105

B.2 Health Manpower

The number of medical/health personnel has been inadequate compared to the demand of the increasing population every year and the absence of some medical equipments in almost all hospitals in the province of Samar. As a result, there is a big manpower population ratio. For the city of Catbalogan alone, the hospital manpower ratio is 1:419 (419 persons for every 1 medical/health hospital worker).

Manpower Field Hospital Total
   Physician 21    29    50   
   Nurse 32    75    107   
   MIdwife 119    -    119   
   Dentist 9    5    14   
   Dental Aide 8    3    11   
   Medical Technologist 6    6    12   
   Nutritionist Dietician 1    5    6   
   Pharmacist -    6    6   
   Engineer (Sanitary) 1    -    1   
   Radiologic Technologist -    5    5   
   Health Educator & Promo. Officer 2    -    2   
   Sanitation Inspector 32    -    32   
   Medical Lab. Technician 1    1    2   
   Laboratory Technician -    2    2   
   Laboratory Aide -    4    4   
   Social Welfare Officer 2    -    2   
   Nursing Attendant -    52    52   
   Cook -    8    8   
   Barangay Health Workers 2,999    -    2,999   
   Trained Birth Attendants 547    -    547   

Total

3,780   201   3,981  

There are 50 government-employed physicians, 21 which are municipal health officers.  The physician-to-population ratio was 1:10,685; 107 nurses (32 are public health nurses), 1:5,009; 119 midwives, 1:4,714; 14 dentists, 1:45,795; 32 sanitary inspectors, 1:14,247; 12 medical technologists (6 are field medical technologists), 1:53,427; 6 nutritionists, 1:106,854; 6 pharmacists, 1:106,854 and 1 sanitary engineer, 1:641,124 population.

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B.3 Health Statistics

The total births in year 2000 were 11,826, which were higher than in 1999, recorded at 11,754.  The rate of 23.33/100,000 population within the 2-year period was the same.

Of the total births (11,826) 89 percent (10,505) were delivered at home attended by field midwives, nurses or trained hilots.  The reported deaths have increased from 1,461 in 1999 to 1,518 in 2000, and the rate also increased from 2.94 in 1999 to 3.00/100,000 population in 2000.

The two leading causes of infant mortality were pneumonia (41) and diarrhea (16) with rate of 3.63 and 1.43 per 1,000 live births respectively.  These were also the two leading causes of infant mortality in the past five years.

For maternal mortality, its three leading causes for the same year (2000) were placenta retention at 2.00 per 1,000 live births, hypertension in pregnancy (0.41), and hemorrhage secondary to abortion (0.2).

The two leading causes of mortality were pneumonia (223) and cardiovascular diseases (201).  Pneumonia (9,624) was still the leading cause of morbidity for the same year (2000) followed with diarrhea (8,012) and the third was bronchitis (4,336).

Table 8.  Ten Leading Causes of Mortality (all causes) CY 2000

Causes Number Rate
  1.  Pneumonia 223 44
  2.  Cardiovascular disease 201 40
  3.  PTB 134 26
  4.  Hypertension 84 17
  5.  Cancer 77 15
  6.  Diarrhea 57 11
  7.  Senility 57 11
  8.  Coronary artery 49 10
  9.  Accidents 44 9
 10.  Stab Wounds 36 8

In 1995, out of the 13,261 eligible children, 78.25 percent were fully immunized, and for measles was 78.49 percent.  For tetanus toxoid, the eligible population was 15,073 with 48.96 percent immunized.  In 1997, fully immunized children were 86.33 percent and for tetanus toxoid it was 53.65 percent.

B.4 Nutrition Statistics

In 1995, the prevalence rate for Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) was 24 percent or 24 out of 100 preschoolers.  Vitamin A Deficiency (VAD) among preschoolers (1-4 years old) was 8.1 percent and for Iron Deficiency Anemia was 18.6 percent.  In 1995, 22 percent or 22 out of 100 school children are suffering from Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM).  Iodine Deficiency Disorder (IDD) is 27.7 percent among school children specifically grades I and II wherein almost one third (1/3) were found to have goiter.

Among pregnant mothers in 1995, 30 percent were high-risk pregnancy associated with malnutrition.  Three out of ten or 30 percent of the 15-40 years old women have goiter.  In 1993, the prevalence rate of anemia among pregnant women was 17.9 percent; likewise, the problem was evident among lactating mothers.  In 1995, 4.4 percent of 0-11 months infants were found to be suffering from malnutrition and 24 percent were low birth weight infants.

The 9-11 months old children eligible population was 14,318 and about 66.02 percent or 9,453 was given vitamin A supplement.  Among the 12-59 months old children, 58,894 (100.03%) were given vitamin A supplement.  For postpartum mothers, 8,286 or 57.87 percent were also given vitamin A supplement.  Among pregnant women 58.27 percent or 9,736 out of 16,707 eligible population were given complete Iron dosage.  Among the 15-40 years old women, 52,144 (52.81%) out of 98,745 eligible women were given iodine supplement.

In 2004, the 22,394 (29.5%) pre-school children weighed were found to be under normal weight (low and very low) which was slightly greater than in 2003 (28.9%). Likewise, those in the above normal weight increased by 1.9% from 3,160 (4.3%) in 2003 to 4,684 (6.2%) pre-schoolers in 2004. The normal weight children remained below 50% share of the total weighed children within the two year period (see table below).

Nutritional Status Report for Pre-school Children (0-72 Months old)

Status 2004 2003
  No. of Children No. Percent No. Percent
93,417      91,720     
 Total No. of Children Weighed 75,942    81.3    73,705    80.4   
     Normal 48,864    64.3    49,189    66.7   
     Above Normal 4,684    6.2    3,160    4.3   
     Below Normal (Low) 18,964    25.0    17,504    23.7   
     Below Normal (Very Low) 3,430    4.5    3,865    5.2   

In the elementary level, below normal body weight shared 21.58% of the total pupils weighed (60,898), in which the Grade 1 pupils registered the highest number. Above normal weight totaled 3,545 pupils (5.82%), while 44,209 or 72.6% represent the normal weight pupils (refer to table below).

Nutritional Status report for Elementary School Children (SY 2004-2005)

Grade Level Enrolment Pupils Weighed Weight / Body Mass Index
Below Normal Normal Above Normal
  Pre-Elem. 639    639    85    520    34   
I 13,031    12,932    3,556    8,861    515   
II 11,084    11,001    2,529    7,797    675   
III 10,421    10,296    2,402    7,392    502   
IV 9,408    9,368    1,733    7,046    589   
V 8,355    8,306    1,505    6,180    621   
VI 7,983    7,922    1,260    6,102    560   
SPED 434    434    74    311    49   
Total 61,355   60,898   13,144   44,209   3,545  

Reports on Family Planning Program (see table below) have shown reduction in the Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) especially the pill, which has been the most preferred method by most women (19,155 in 2003 down to 5,671 in 2004) for current and continuing users. This could be attributed to the insufficient and irregular supply of contraceptive, non-implementation of modern NFP method. Non-working mothers prefer Lactational Amelorrhea Method (LAM) especially in rural areas. Support from NGOs and private organizations have contributed in making FP services accessible.

Family Planning Method of Preference

Method of Preference New Acceptors Current / Continuing Users
2004 2003 2004 2003
  Pill 1,577    1,864    5,671    19,155   
  Condom 224    344    368    1,511   
  Female Sterilization 146    19    440    385   
  IUD 28    65    164    509   
  Injection 532    630    830    3,894   
  Male Sterilization 2    1    24    126   
  Natural Family Planning 120    241    102    1,177   
  Lactational Amelorrhea Method (LAM) 2,883    2,708    2,679    5,530   

Total

5,614   5,872   9,278   32,287  

Households with sanitary toilets have reached to 59.19%, a minimal increase of 2.66% from CY 2002 (see table below). The support from NGOs and LGUs in the construction of water and sanitary facilities were instrumental in achieving the goal of the program. However, this is still a big health problem in which these households resort to other means of waste disposal that may cause diseases.

Status of Households with Sanitary Toilet

Municipality Total Household HHs with Sanitary Toilet (2002) Sanitary Toilet Construction (2003) Existing Toilets (2003) Percent (%)
  Basey District          
  1. Basey 7,301    5,743    73    5,816    79.66   
  2. Marabut 2,051    788    69    857    41.78   
  3. Sta. Rita 5,020    3,294    11    3,305    65.83   
  Gandara District          
  1. Gandara 4,811    1,906    212    2,118    44.02   
  2. Matuguinao 895    541    21    562    62.79   
  3. Pagsanghan 1,498    1,172    47    1,219    81.37   
  4. San Jorge 2,229    694    795    1,489    66.80   
  Calbayog District          
  1. Almagro 1,770    896    -    896    50.62   
  2. Sta. Margarita 3,623    2,343    137    2,480    68.15   
  3. Sto. Niño 2,091    1,256    -    1,256    60.06   
  4. Tagapul-an 1,395    689    8    697    49.97   
  Catbalogan District          
  1. Calbiga 3,148    2,462    -    2,462    78.21   
  2. Catbalogan 14,030    8,966    155    9,121    65.01   
  3. Daram 5,922    2,018    160    2,178    36.78   
  4. Jiabong 2,566    979    -    979    38.15   
  5. Hinabangan 2,020    1,178    70    1,248    61.78   
  6. Motiong 2,191    803    66    869    39.66   
  7. Paranas 4,654    3,704    341    4,045    86.91   
  8. Pinabacdao 2,195    1,295    -    1,295    58.99   
  9. San Jose de Buan 1,073    779    -    779    72.60   
10. San Sebastian 1,130    779    15    794    70.26   
11. Talalora 1,097    496    23    519    47.31   
12. Tarangnan 3,423    1,340    75    1,415    41.33   
13. Villareal 5,509    1,811    28    1,839    33.38   
14. Zumarraga 2,570    1,589    20    1,609    62.61   

Total

84,212   47,521   2,326   49,847   59.18  

 

C. Housing

C.1 Number

The province has a total of 100,484 occupied housing units in 1990 for 102,038 households giving a ratio at 1.015 households per housing unit.  The ratio for 531,903 household population per housing units was 5.293.

C.2 Type, Condition and Year Built

Large proportions of the housing units built of cogon, nipa or anahaw both for roofing (75.77%) and for outer walls (55.10%).  However, the proportion of housing units that do not need repair, or if at all a minor one only is relatively high at 64.34 percent.  On the other hand, majority (67.69%) of the housing units was built after 1980 and mostly of the occupied housing units (97.76%) were single houses.

C.3 Occupancy

About 56.08 percent of the total occupied housing units were with 4 to 7 occupants.  About 98.67 percent of the total occupied housing units were with one household.

C.4 Ownership

Of the 102,038 households in the province, 90.0 percent own their housing units, 46.1 percent of that also own the lot where the unit is constructed.  Among those who own their housing units, 96.6 percent constructed their houses from their own resources; 0.4 percent with funds from government financing schemes; and, 2.4 percent through private persons.

C.5 Floor Area

Census results show that three-fourths of the housing units (74.1 percent) in Samar are with limited floor area of less than 30 square meters.  About 17.6 percent measure 30-69 square meters, while 8.4 percent are spacious units (70 square meters and over).

C.6 Low-Cost Projects

Listed below are some of the low-cost housing projects in Catbalogan.  Some of these projects have already started while some others are still in the planning process.

Name of Subdivision

Area / No. of units

Location

Remarks

 V&G Subdivision/GSIS  30 has / 300  Sitio Sto. Niño, San Andres, Catbalogan, Samar Socialized housing
 Goldenville Subdivision  3.9 has / 121  Brgy. Maulong, Catbalogan, Samar Socialized housing
 Villa Christina  13 has/ 503 Econ, 384 Social  Brgy. Socorro, Catbalogan, Samar Socialized housing
 D and E Realty  19 has / 412, 1 commercial  Km. 2, Catbalogan Socialized housing
 Loreta Heights  2.4 has / 194  Brgy. Pupua, Catbalogan, Samar Socialized housing
 Catbalogan City Homes  11 has / 600  Brgy. Tagbaya-on, Jiabong, Samar Socialized housing
 Piczonville Subdivision  20 has / 420  Brgy. Guinsorongan, Catbalogan, Samar Socialized housing

 

D. Public Safety

D.1 Crime Rate

Crime volume as of 2000 recorded a total of 697.  Most of the crimes committed were those crimes versus persons that may constitute 90 percent of the total cases.  The crime solution efficiency rate for the period was 98.8 percent.

D.2 Population- Policeman Ratio

The province, as of 2000 has a total strength of 700 policemen.  From 1997, twenty-four (24) policemen have been added for the year 2000.  Population-policeman ratio was 1:916.

D.3 Population- Fireman Ratio

In the year 2000, there was an additional of 20 firemen in the province of Samar, which totaled 129.  This number reduced the population- fireman ratio of 1:5,407 in 1997 to 1:4,970 in the year 2000.

 

E. Social Welfare

E.1 Services and Clienteles

About 34,648 households (30 percent) out of the 115,493 total number of households in 1995 in the province are in need of the basic social services.

In 1995, there were about 176,811 persons in the province or about 30 percent of the total population, who are in difficult situation.

E.2 Indigent Groups

In 1995, there were about 57,290 persons in the province or 9.72 percent of the total population that belong to the indigent groups.

E.3 Handicaps

In 1995, there were about 7,886 persons in the province or about 1.3 percent of the total population, who were reported to have some type of disability.  The sex ratio of the population with some type of disability was 111 males per 100 females.  Low vision was the most common type of disability in 1995 accounting for 21.62 percent of all persons with disability.  The percentage with low vision was higher among the female population (26.35%) than among the male population (17.36%).  Partial Blindness was the second most common type of disability (12.86%), followed by partial deafness (10.65%), and paralysis of one or both legs (6.49%).

E.4 Assistance Center

The Provincial Social Welfare and Development Office maintains one Crisis Intervention Unit in its office in Catbalogan.

 

F. Sports and Recreation

For sports and recreation, the province has a provincial stadium, which consists of a track oval, a complementary grandstand and a spectator’s gallery.  It also has a provincial gymnasium.  These are all located in Catbalogan.

 

 

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