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Crowd infront the Samar capitol buildingIII. HUMAN RESOURCES

 

 

Catbalogan, the provincial capital, has the biggest population density of 787 persons per sq. km which is over 4 times more than that of Calbayog City.

 

 

A. Population

In the 2010 survey of population, Samar province recorded 733,377 persons which ranked second in Region VIII. The largest city is Calbayog followed with Catbalogan city. The former is a chartered city and the latter is the capital of the province as well as the seat of provincial administration. Calbayog City and Catbalogan with population of 172,778 and 94,317, respectively, accounts for 23.56 percent and 12.86 percent of the provincial population. The next larger municipalities in terms of population are Basey, 50,423 (6.88%); Daram, 41,322 (5.63%); and, Sta. Rita, 38,082 (5.19%). The municipality of Matuguinao is still the least populated with population of 6,746 (0.92%). By year 2012, the province population is projected to 735,010, and will reach to a total of 900,000 by the year 2015 (Table 12).

The 2010 population (733,377) of the province grew by 14.39 percent or an increase of 92,253 from its 2000 population (641,124) and with an average of 9,225 persons every year. Almost all of the component cities and municipalities of Samar increased in population size from 2000-2010 except for the municipality of Tagapul-an that showed a negative trend. Calbayog City recorded the highest population and considered the driver of population growth. Refer Table below.

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Samar Population, Average Annual Rate of Increase and Population Percent Share by City/Municipality (2000, 2007, 2010)

City/Municipality

Population

2000

Population

2007

Population

2010

% Increase/

Decrease/

(2000-2010)

% Increase/

Decrease/

(2007-2010)

AARI

2000-2007

Pop. 2010 % share

  Calbayog City

147,187

163,657

172,778

17.39

5.57

1.47

23.56

  Catbalogan City

84,180

92,454

94,317

12.04

2.02

1.30

12.86

  Basey

43,809

48,389

50,423

15.10

4.20

1.38

6.88

  Daram

35,532

38,411

41,322

16.30

7.58

1.08

5.63

  Sta. Rita

30,118

34,959

38,082

26.44

8.93

2.08

5.19

  Gandara

28,866

31,222

31,943

10.66

2.31

1.09

4.36

  Paranas

27,926

27,820

29,327

5.02

5.42

-0.05

4.00

  Villareal

23,604

25,135

26,221

11.09

4.32

0.87

3.58

  Sta. Margarita

21,740

23,488

24,850

14.31

5.80

1.07

3.39

  Tarangnan

20,538

22,767

24,146

17.57

6.06

1.43

3.29

  Calbiga

18,890

20,309

21,434

13.47

5.54

1.00

2.92

  Zumarraga

15,423

16,743

16,936

9.81

1.15

1.14

2.31

  Jiabong

15,397

15,968

17,075

10.90

6.93

0.50

2.33

  Pinabacdao

13,167

14,492

16,208

23.10

11.84

1.33

2.21

  San Jorge

13,376

14,134

16,340

22.16

15.61

0.76

2.23

  Marabut

12,335

13,745

15,115

22.54

9.97

1.50

2.06

  Motiong

13,147

13,549

14,829

12.79

9.45

0.42

2.02

  Sto. Niño

12,545

12,777

13,504

7.64

5.69

0.25

1.84

  Hinabangan

12,120

12,129

12,651

4.38

4.30

0.01

1.73

  Almagro

10,619

8,650

11,024

3.81

27.45

-2.79

1.50

  Tagapul-an

8,370

8,067

7,828

-6.48

-2.96

-0.51

1.07

  Pagsanghan

7,077

7,981

8,024

13.38

0.54

1.67

1.09

  Talalora

6,580

7,535

7,983

21.32

5.95

1.89

1.09

  San Sebastian

6,779

7,365

7,708

13.70

4.66

1.15

1.05

  San Jose de Buan

6,438

6,814

6,563

1.94

-3.68

0.79

0.89

  Matuguinao

5,361

6,589

6,746

25.83

2.38

2.88

0.92

Samar

641,124

695,149

733,377

14.39

5.50

1.12

100.00

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A.1 Size and Growth

Of the two (2) urban centers, Catbalogan is second to Calbayog city as the fastest growing settlement in the province. Matuguinao has the highest average annual rate of increase at 2.88 percent, from 2000-2007, but least in population density. Next to Matuguinao are the municipalities of Sta. Rita with 2.08 percent; Talalora, 1.89 percent; Pagsanghan, 1.67 percent; Marabut, 1.50 percent; Tarangnan, 1.43 percent; and, Basey with 1.38 percent as presented in Table above. From 2000-2010, population growth of the province recorded at 1.35 percent (see Table below).

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Population and Annual Growth Rates (1990-2010)

Census Date

Total Population

Census Year

Population Growth

May 1, 1990

533,733

1990-2000

1.85

May 1, 2000

641,124

2000-2010

1.35

May 1, 2010

733,377

1990-2010

1.60

A.2 Population Density

The population density of the province in 2010 was placed at 131 persons per square kilometer. Catbalogan, as the capital town of the province where almost all functions are available is the most densely populated with 787 persons per square kilometer (see Table below). It is six (6) times bigger than the province’s population density. This is further aggravated not only by the increasing population but also by the limited land area (119.80 sq.km.). While Matuguinao, which is located in the hinterland is the least densely populated with only 19 persons per square kilometer.

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Population Density by City/Municipality (2007 and 2010)

City/Municipality

Population

2007

Population

2010

Area

Sq. km.

Density

2007

Density

2010

Area

%

  Almagro

8,650

11,024

27.20

318

405

0.49

  Basey

48,389

50,423

572.70

84

88

10.24

  Calbayog City

163,657

172,778

903.00

181

191

16.15

  Calbiga

20,309

21,434

203.10

100

106

3.63

  Catbalogan City

92,454

94,317

119.80

772

787

2.14

  Daram

38,411

41,322

103.40

371

400

1.85

  Gandara

31,222

31,943

432.80

72

74

7.74

  Hinabangan

12,129

12,651

372.20

33

34

6.66

  Jiabong

15,968

17,075

67.70

236

252

1.21

  Marabut

13,745

15,115

98.90

139

153

1.77

  Matuguinao

6,589

6,746

364.20

18

19

6.51

  Motiong

13,549

14,829

174.40

78

85

3.12

  Pagsanghan

7,981

8,024

30.00

266

267

0.54

  Paranas

27,820

29,327

457.40

61

64

8.18

  Pinabacdao

14,492

16,208

163.00

89

99

2.92

  San Jorge

14,134

16,340

241.20

59

68

4.31

  San Jose de Buan

6,814

6,563

366.90

19

18

6.56

  San Sebastian

7,365

7,708

27.30

270

282

0.49

  Sta. Margarita

23,488

24,850

144.40

163

172

2.58

  Sta. Rita

34,959

38,082

222.50

157

171

3.98

  Sto. Nino

12,777

13,504

31.70

403

426

0.57

  Tagapul-an

8,067

7,828

28.70

281

273

0.51

  Talalora

7,535

7,983

32.50

232

246

0.58

  Tarangnan

22,767

24,146

129.00

176

187

2.31

  Villareal

25,135

26,221

239.40

105

110

4.28

  Zumarraga

16,743

16,936

37.60

445

450

0.67

Samar

695,149

733,377

5,591.00

124

131

100.00

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San Jose de Buan and the island municipality of Tagapul-an posted decreasing population density in the three year period from 2007 to 2010. This decreasing trend could be attributed to out-migration of the working population to the nearest urban center or to the National Capital Region (NCR) for employment and the accessibility problems of these municipalities. The rest of the municipalities registered increases in population. Other municipalities with population densities substantially higher than the provincial average are Zumarraga (450 p/sq.km.), Sto.Niño (426 p/sq.km.), Almagro (405 p/sq.km.) and Daram (400 p/sq.km.) SATTA MATKA.

The number of households in 2007 (see Table below) rose to 135,355 or an increase of 19,862 (17.20%) households since 1995. Average size of household within the three-year censal period (1995, 2000 and 2007) was almost the same except for a point one (0.1) percentage increase in 2000.

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Number of Households and Average Household Size by City/Municipality

City/Municipality

1995

2000

2007

Number of

Households

Average Household Size

Number of

Households

Average Household Size

Number of

Households

Average Household Size

Samar

115,493

5.1

124,255

5.2

135,355

5.1

 Almagro

2,047

5.0

2,192

4.8

1,939

4.5

 Basey

8,428

4.8

9,013

4.9

9,997

4.8

 Calbayog City

25,713

5.0

28,912

5.1

32,262

5.1

 Calbiga

3,664

4.9

3,889

4.9

4,185

4.9

 Catbalogan City

14,654

5.2

16,100

5.2

17,226

5.4

 Daram

6,294

5.4

6,472

5.5

7,163

5.4

 Gandara

5,454

5.0

5,588

5.2

5,951

5.2

 Hinabangan

2,174

5.5

2,176

5.6

2,244

5.4

 Jiabong

2,853

5.4

3,043

5.1

3,387

4.7

 Marabut

2,040

5.1

2,383

5.2

2,749

5.0

 Matuguinao

951

5.5

875

6.1

1,075

6.1

 Motiong

2,499

5.3

2,512

5.2

2,678

5.0

 Pagsanghan

1,340

5.5

1,498

4.7

1,678

4.8

 Paranas

4,689

5.2

5,200

5.4

5,374

5.2

 Pinabacdao

2,256

5.1

2,549

5.2

2,888

5.0

 San Jorge

2,360

5.0

2,565

5.2

2,765

5.1

 San Jose de Buan

1,158

4.7

1,268

5.1

1,176

5.8

 San Sebastian

1,250

5.1

1,263

5.4

1,363

5.4

 Sta. Margarita

3,889

4.9

4,191

5.2

4,682

5.0

 Sta. Rita

5,690

5.1

5,797

5.2

6,832

5.1

 Sto. Niño

2,601

4.9

2,477

5.1

2,506

5.1

 Tagapul-an

1,598

5.0

1,677

5.0

1,643

4.9

 Talalora

1,250

5.2

1,272

5.2

1,418

5.3

 Tarangnan

3,694

5.1

4,020

5.1

4,458

5.1

 Villareal

4,232

5.3

4,473

5.3

4,712

5.3

 Zumarraga

2,715

5.3

2,849

5.4

3,004

5.6

 

A3. Sex and Dependency Ratio

Based on Table below, male household population (359,176) outnumbered females (334,713) by 7.31 percent or 24,463 persons as of 2007. It could also be noticed that in aged 0-54 years, there were more males than females. However, females dominated their male counterparts in aged 55 years and over SATTA MATKA.

The 2007 census indicated a sex ratio of 107 males/100 females. This figure was slightly higher than in the year 2000 which was 106 males/100 females.

The bulk of the total household population in 2007 was at the younger ages. About two-fifths (41.27%) or 286,342 of the total household population were under 15 years of age. From this group, children (aged 0-4) accounted 33.08 percent or 94,723. The productive or the active age group (aged 15-64) shared more than half (53.71%) or 372,686 of the household population and only 5.02 percent were in aged 65 and over.

The overall dependency ratio in 2007 was 86, which meant that for every 100 persons in the working ages 15 to 64 years, there were 86 dependents (77 persons aged 0 -14 – young dependents; 9 persons aged 65 & above – old dependents). The 2007 dependency ratio was lower compared with the 2000 figure.

Household Population by Sex, Age Group and Sex Ratio (2007)

Age Group

HH Population

Men

Women

Sex Ratio

Samar

693,889

359,176

334,713

107.31

Under 1

17,105

8,743

8,362

104.56

1 - 4

77,618

39,794

37,824

105.21

5 - 9

96,860

50,089

46,771

107.09

10 - 14

94,759

48,612

46,147

105.34

15 - 19

70,561

38,841

31,720

122.45

20 - 24

47,658

25,790

21,868

117.93

25 - 29

43,228

22,428

20,801

107.82

30 - 34

42,010

21,730

20,280

107.15

35 - 39

41,180

21,465

19,715

108.88

40 - 44

35,354

18,369

16,985

108.15

45 - 49

30,174

15,539

14,635

106.18

50 - 54

25,180

12,985

12,195

106.48

55 - 59

19,797

9,877

9,920

99.57

60 - 64

17,543

8,477

9,066

93.50

65 - 69

13,641

6,631

7,010

94.59

70 - 74

10,111

4,880

5,231

93.29

75 & Over

11,109

4,926

6,183

79.67

 

A4. Population Affiliation

Roman Catholic populationThe Roman Catholic’s affiliates represent 93 percent of the total population in Samar. This was followed by Aglipayans (2.41%). On the other hand, Evangilicals, members of the United Church of Christ in the Philippines and Iglesia ni Cristo members shared less than one percent each.

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A5. Population Ethnicity

Ninety-one percent (91%) of the total household population of the province, classified themselves as Waray. Other ethnic groups included Cebuano (5.91%), Binisaya/Bisaya (0.63%), Tagalog (0.36%) and Boholano (0.14%).

 

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